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Winter

M31, Andromeda Galaxy in Andromeda

Target Type R.A. Dec. Constellation Magnitude Size M31 (NGC 224) Spiral Galaxy 00h 42m 44s +41° 16′ 08″ Andromeda 3.3 178×70 arcmin Overview There are two members of the Messier catalog vying for title of “most famous deep sky object”. One of them is M42, the Orion Nebula, the other is this, the closest large […]

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M52, Open Cluster in Cassiopeia

Target Type R. A. Dec. Constellation Magnitude Size M52 (NGC 7654) Open Cluster 23h 24m 48s +61° 35′ 00″ Cassiopeia +6.9 15.0 arcmin Overview M52 was discovered by Charles Messier in September 1774. It’s a lovely, easy object for us to find, located in one of the most recognizable parts of the night sky: the

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M45, the Pleiades in Taurus

Target Type R. A. Dec. Constellation Magnitude Size M45 Open Cluster 03h 47m 00s +24° 07′ 00″ Taurus +1.50 120 arcmin Overview This is a super-easy Messier object to find and is beautiful enough to come back to time and again. Known as the Seven Sisters, the Pleiades is an open cluster of stars discovered

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M1, the Crab Nebula in Taurus

Target Type R. A. Dec. Constellation Magnitude Size M1 (NGC 1952) Bright Nebula 05h 34m 00s +22° 01′ 00″ Taurus 8.4 6.0×4.0 arcmins Overview The Crab Nebula is the remains of a supernova (star explosion) in the constellation Taurus. It’s believed to be the one documented in China nearly 1000 years ago, in 1054. At

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M34, Open Cluster in Perseus

Target Type R. A. Dec. Constellation Magnitude Size M34 (NGC 1039) Open Cluster 02h 42m 05s +42° 45′ 14″ Persius +5.2 35.0 arcmin Overview M34 was discovered by Charles Messier and included in his infamous catalog in 1764, although we have good reason to believe that the Italian astronomer Giovanni Battista Hodierna actually made note

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M78, Bright Nebula in Orion

Target Type R. A. Dec. Constellation Magnitude Size M78 (NGC 2068) Bright Nebula 05h 46m 42s 00° 03′ 00″ Orion +8.30 8.0 x 6.0 arcmin Overview We’ve probably all seen M42 and M43, the most famous of all the night sky’s nebulae, surrounding Orion’s belt. This nebula is still a part of Orion, but is

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M91, Spiral Galaxy in Coma Berenices

Target Type R. A. Dec. Constellation Magnitude Size M91 (NGC 4548) Barred Spiral Galaxy 12h 35m 27s +14° 29′ 46″ Coma Berenices +10.0 5.5×4.5 arcmin Overview This barred spiral galaxy was discovered M91 but shrouded it in mystery when he recorded its coordinates incorrectly in his notes. Suggestions for the ‘real’ M91 have included a

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